Write about the role of Andhra Maha Sabha in bringing about political awareness in Hyderabad State?
Totally 13 Andhra Mahasabha Meetings were convened.
|1||1930||Jogipeta||Suravaram Prathap Reddy
|Resolution to ban Gashti Nishan – 53.
Gasti Nishan was introduced in 1926 restricting freedom of speech, press, meeting etc.
|2||1931||Devarakonda||Boorgula Ramakrishna Rao
|1. Gashti Nishan 53 ban resolution.
2. Attended by many eminent persons 1. Goodavalli Ramabrahmam, Movie Producer. 2. Madari Bhagya Reddy Varma, Aadi Hindu Sabha founder.
3. Raavi Naaraayana Reddy along with his friend on foot he came to DVK.
|3||1934||Khammam||Pulijaala Venkata Ranga Rao||Devadasi X|
|4||1935||Sirisilla||Maadapaati Hanumantha Rao
|1. Vemulavaada Bheema Kavi Nagar was constructed for organizing this meeting.
2. Resolution was made for Self Govt.
3. Resolution – Only Telugu should be used in AMH meetings.
4. Raavi Naaraayana Opposed it.
|5||1936||Shad Nagar||Konda Venkata Ranga Reddy||Farmers’ issues|
|6||1937||Nizamabad||Mandamula Narsinga Rao||* 1st in district HQ
* Demanded for Civil Rights.
* Telugu✓- Suravaram
* Telugu X – Raavi N R
|7||1940||Malkapuram||Raama Chandra Rao||Aravamuda Committee report / Discussed / Rejected|
|8||1941||Chilkuru||Raavi Naaraayana Reddy||* Mem.ship fee ₹ 1 to 4 annas
* Telugu is not compulsory.
|9||1942||Dharmavarm||Komateshwar Rao||Extremists’ influence increased|
|10||1943||Hyderabad||K. V. Ranga Reddy||* 1st time election for president post
* Discussion about foundation of Andhra Saarasvatha Parishath
|11||1944||Bhuvanagiri||Raavi Naaraayana Reddy||*Membership fee reduced to 4 annas.
*Moderates, Extremists split
*Decided to convene separate meetings
* Sanghams, branches of AMS, emerged in villages.
|Madikonda – Moderate (Warangal)||Mandumula Narsing Rao
|Raavi Naaraayana Reddy||Naazar, Burra Katha artist attended.|
|Kandi (Medka)(MOD)||Jamalaapuram Keshava Rao||Last Meeting|
|13(2)||Kareem Nagar||Baddam Yella Reddy||Last Meeting|
After 1946 meeting, Moderates joined in Congress and Extremists joined in Communist party.
Aravamuda Committee on Political Reforms.
In 1930, a meeting of Nizam Raashtra Jana Sangham was convened in Jogipeta, (Medak), under the leadership of Suravaram Prathaapa Reddy. In the meeting Andhra Mahaa Sabha was evolved as a political organisation.
Andhra Mahaa Sabha was formed in 1930. Andhra Mahaa Sabha is the first political organisation in Nizam State.
Leaders of Andhra Mahaa Sabha
We can divide the leaders of Andhra Mahaa Sabha in to two categories based on their ideology.
- Moderates 2. Extremists
Like Indian National Congress, Almost all the earliest leaders of Andhra Mahaa Sabha were moderates and the people belonged to so called upper castes.
Maadapaati Hanumantha Rao, Suravaram Prathaapa Reddy, Boorgula Ramakrishna Rao, Mandumula Narsinga Rao, Jamalapuram Keshava Rao, Pulijaala Venkata Rangaa Rao etc.
After the few years of inception, Andhra Mahaa Sabha was dominated by extremist leaders.
Ex: Raavi Naaraayana Reddy, Baddam Yellareddy, Maqdoom Mohiuddin, Devulapalli Venkateshwara Rao etc.
From 1930 to 1946, 13 meetings of Andhra Mahaa Sabha were convened. Due to the efforts of Durga Bai Deshmukh, Andhra Mahila Sabha meetings also convened along with Andhra Mahaa Sabha.