Important points about Smritis Dharma Shastras and their times

Important points about Smritis Dharma Shastras and their times

SMRITIS and THEIR TIMES, DHRMA SHASTRAS
Smritis and their times according to P.V. Kane. Pandurang Vaman Kane extensively worked on the Dharma shastras and established their dates in his work HISTORY OF DHARMA SHASTRAS.

Apsthamba smriti
Gauthama smriti
Baudayana smriti
Above three are the Dharma shastras which were written before Christ.

PARASHARA SMRITI- 100- 500 A.D.
VYASA SMRITI – 200 -500 A.D.
PULASTHYA SMRITI – 300- 700 A.D.
KATHYAYANA SMRITI – 400- 600 A.D.
PITAMAHASMRITI – 400 – 700 A.D.
HAARITHA SMRITI – 400- 700 A.D.

Apasthama Dharma Sastra – South Indians followed Apasthama Dharma Sastra. Apasthamaba is known as the “South Indian Manu:”. Apasthamba was originally North Indian, but came to south. He was revered greately by South Indians.

Parasara smriti is best suited for Kali age.
Ikshwakus, Vijaya nagara kings, and Kakatiyas followed Parasara Smriti.

Manu Dharma and Yagna valkya smritis are of great importance. Remaining Dharma shastras are just commentaries on the Manu and Yagnavalkya smritis.

Manu Smriti and its commentaries:
• Medhatidhi smriti
• Govinda raja smriti
• Kulya Bhatta smriti
• Daya baaga by Jimutha vaahana.

Jimutha vaahana is very importanat commentator on Manu Dharma Shaastra.
Jimutha vaahana was a Bengali.
Daya baaga was followed in Bengal and Assam.
Jimutha vaahana- As long as the parents are alive the property can not be
divided. Only father can transfer the property to his children. The father has right over the property.

Yagna valkya smriti and its commentators:
• Parashara smriti
• Katyayana smriti
• Aapasthamba smriti
• Mitakshara smriti by Vignaneshwara. 12th century,

Mitakshara is most important commentary on Yagnavalkya smriti.
Mitakshara was followed throughout India except Bengal and Assam.
Mitakshara smriti recognizes the right to property of every individual right from the birth,
and allows the children to inherit property even during the life time of their parents (Jimutha vaahana`s Dayabaaga does not allow children to inherit property during the life time of their parents).
Yagnavalkya smriti was followed in South India along with its commentaries Apasthamba Dharma sastra and Parasara smriti were also followed in South India.

Katyayana smriti allows women to inherit the property in the form of “Shtri dhana”.
Parasara smriti is best suited for Kali age.
Ikshwakus, Vijaya nagara kings, and Kakatiyas followed Parasara Smriti.
Hindu law was mainly guided by Daya baaga and Mitakshara.
Bengal and Assam- Law of inheritance is based on Dayabaaga.

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