Gouthami Puthra Shaatakarni

Describe the achievements of Gouthami Puthra Shaatakarni?

Give an account of Nasik inscription?

Gouthami Puthra Yagna Satakarni is famous as Gouthami Putra Satakarni. Gouthami Puthra Satakarni was the 23rd ruler of Satavahana dynasty. He was greatest among all South Indian kings. We get the information about his victories from ‘Nasik inscription’ issued by his mother Gouthami Balasri.

* Nahapana, Western Kshatrapa ruler, descendant of the Indo-Scythians, (Maharasthra region) was defeated by Gouthami Putra Satakarni. Gouthami Puthra Satakarni re-struck the coins of Nahapana. These re-struck coins are found in large number at Jogalthambi, Nasik district, Maharashtra.

* In 78 A.D. Gouthami Putra Satakarni commenced ‘Salivahana Era’.

* Gouthami Putra Satakarni occupied ‘Ashmaka’ (Nizamabad and Aurangabad).

* Gouthami Putra Satakarni captured ‘Mulaka’ (Paitan).

            * Gouthami Putra Satakarni conquered ‘Vidarbha’.

* Asika (area in Godavari valley)

* Muḍhaka or Mulaka (area around Paithan)

* Surāśtra (Saurashtra)

* Kukura

* Aparanta (north Konkan)

* Anupa (area around Mahishmati in Narmada valley)

* Vidarbha (Berar)

* Akara-Avanti (eastern and western Malwa)

* Krishnagiri (Kanhagiri).

* Kukura is Rajputana.

The Nasik inscription also calls Gautamiputra the lord of following mountains:

Vindhyāvat (part of Vindhyas)

Pāriyātra (part of Vindhyas)

Sahya (Western Ghats)

Malaya (southern portion of Western Ghats)

Mahendra

Sreshtha-giri or Setagiri

Chakora

Title of Gouthami Putra Satakarni:           

* Tri Samudhra Toya Pitha Vaahana – Gouthami Putra Satakarni’s chariot is drawn by the horses which drank the waters of 3 seas. This title indicates that, Gouthami Putra Satakarni is the lord of the land between three seas (Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian Ocean).

* Satavahana Kula Yashs Prathishtaapanakara = Upholder of the pride of Satavahana dynasty.

* Kshatriya Darpamaana Mardhana = Suppresser of Kshatriya pride.

* Eka Brahmana.

* Aagama Nilaya.

For the first time, Gouthami Putra Satakarni started the tradition of adding mother’s name to his personal name. There was a great respect for women during Satavahana period.

Extent of Empire: Satavahana kingdom extended from Bay of Bengal in the east to Arabian Ocean in the west. Rajasthan in the north to Banavasi in the south.

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