Critically evaluate the role of Ittehadul Muslimeen in Hyderabad state politics?
Ans: A meeting was convened in Lohita Mandi, Hyderabad in 1927 with the aim of education and economic development of Muslims. In this meeting ‘Mazlis E Ittehad ul Muslimeen’ (MIM) was established which later became a political party. Abdul Qwaja Bahauddin Nawab Sadr Yar Jung played a key role in founding MIM. He himself was the first president of MIM.
In 1929 C.E., Siddhique started ‘Deendar movement’. Siddique authored a book named ‘Sarvar e Alam’.
In 1938 C.E., Abdul Khadir Siddique, head of theological studies in Osmania University, turned MIM into a political institution.
In the same year, Nawab Sadar Yar Jung became the president of MIM, who strengthened it further. He introduced two things, ‘Baith’ (Oath of loyalty) and Anal Malik (I am the ruler).
In 1937 C.E., elections, fundamentalist parties like Muslim league and Hindu Maha Sabha had seen crushing defeat. As a result of this, both the parties encouraged religious fanaticism. V.D. Savarkar, President of Hindu Maha Sabha in 1940 C.E., came up with the idea of ‘Hindu Country’ (Hindu Rashtra). As a result of this Muslim league also took decision of having separate state. This decision was taken in 1940 C.E., Lahore meeting.
Due to the activities of Arya Samaj and Hindu Maha Sabha, for the first time Hindu Muslim riots took place in Dhoolpet, Hyderabad. Mandumula Narsinga Rao, Bahadur Yar Jung had talks to pacify the riots. These peace talks were famous as Singh – Jung discussions.
Minutes of Singh – Jung Discussions:
1) Mandumula Narsinga Rao’s demand for a responsible government was rejected by Bahadur Yar Jung.
2) Mandumula Narsinga Rao suggested Bahadur Yar Jung to call Gandi and Maulana Abul Kalam Azam to pacify the riots. This suggestion was ruled out by Bahadur Yar Jung.
The points of Singh-Jung never implemented.
After Dhoolpet Hindu – Muslim riots, a committee was appointed under the leadership of Moin Nawaz Jung and Abul Hasan Sayyid. This committee was rejected by majority of the people.
At the same time, Abdul Lateef, Professor from Department of English, Osmania University, came up with ‘Exchange of Population’ theory.
(Also refer Short Question Number 2 of Chapter 3.)